Definition and goals of a bachelor thesis
You will complete your bachelor’s degree with a bachelor’s thesis. The written work will be paid with 6 ECTS up to a maximum of 12 ECTS and may range from 20 to 60 pages depending on the requirements of your teaching area. The processing time at most colleges is between 2 and 4 months. In total, your bachelor’s program includes 180 ECTS. This important work consists of several parts:
- Cover sheet and table of contents
- Theory and method part
- Results section
- Bibliography and appendices
- sworn statement that you wrote the work independently
- General information about writing a scientific paper
Thematic limitation and preparation
The topic of your Bachelor thesis comes from the research area of your field of study and should be interesting for you. Otherwise, writing becomes a tough task. You can discuss preliminary considerations regarding the topic with your favorite supervisor. This can help you to concretize the topic or suggest your own topics. Many departments also offer predefined topics from which you can choose one if you do not yet have your own ideas for your thesis.
The preparatory phase of the thesis also includes the creation of an exposé. With this you create a project plan for your own work and derive from the literature a research question that you would like to examine. It also provides a basis for discussion, such as seminars, in which you introduce your work.
The bachelor thesis can have a practical relevance. This is the case when you write the thesis in a company and evaluate data collected there. Alternatively, you can collect your own data, re-analyze existing data or perform a pure literature analysis.
Structure the bachelor thesis
At first, students only have a rough idea of what the bachelor thesis should look like. You can get help for structure and structure in the guidelines of your chair or use other work as an example. As long as you do not just take the outline, this is not a problem. With an introduction you lead your readers to the topic. This section clarifies the research question and describes why your topic is important. An abstract briefly describes what was achieved with the work. Here you present all the essential facts.
After the main part, which offers theoretical considerations, methodological approaches and results, you discuss the results with regard to the research question. The conclusion of your work is the conclusion. This completes the thesis in the bachelor’s degree and should span a thematic arc to the introduction. Often reviewers read only the introduction and the conclusion, as well as some chapters, which they randomly pick from the overall text. The conclusion has therefore a high influence on your grade.
Red thread and scientific expression
From the introduction to the conclusion, a thread should run through your bachelor thesis. What is meant by this common thread? The chapters should logically build on each other and scientific sources should be used for argumentation. Through a clever web of arguments creates a convincing work, with which you deserve a good score. The sources used are named after the citation system of the respective department. You use footnotes, for example, or follow the American citation method, in which the authors of a study are mentioned in brackets after the citation.